Chapter Eight: Thoroughly Preparing the Student


When there is no end at all

To this ocean of suffering,

Why are you childish people

Not afraid of drowning in it? [8.176]


Some are attracted to it,

Some are averse to it,

Some feel confused by it:

Thus desire has no object. [8.177]


Apart from conceptuality,

Desire and so forth have no existence.

Who with intelligence would hold [that there are]

Real things [imputed by] conceptuality [8.178]


None is, as it were,

Bound to another.

It is unfeasible to separate

That which is ound together. [8.179]


Those with little merit

Do not even doubt this teaching.

Entertaining just a doubt

Tears to tatters world existence. [8.180]


The Subduer said of this teaching

There will be increase until liberation.

Anyone who lacks interest in it

Clearly has no sense. [8.181]


One does not regard that which is not empty

As empty, thinking [thereby] to gain nirvana.

Tathagatas say that nirvana

Will not be attained throuogh wrong views. [8.182]


Whatever contains teaching

About the world speaks of engagement.

Whatever contains elucidation

Of the ultimate speaks of disengagement. [8.183]


Thinking, "Nothing exists, what is the use?"

You may be afraid.

But if actions did exist,

This teaching would not be a prevention. [8.184]


While attached to your own position

And disliking others' positions

You will not approach nirvana.

Neither [kind of] conduct will bring peace. [8.185]


Not acting brings about nirvanva;

Acting again brings worldly existence.

Thus, without complication, nirvana

Is easy to attain, but not the latter. [8.186]


How can anyone who has no aversion

To this take an interest in pacification?

Like [leaving] home, it is also hard

To leave worldly existence behind. [8.187]


One sees that some who are overwhelmed

By suffering long for death,

Yet entirely due to their confusion

They will not reach the excellent state. [8.188]


Giving is taught to lowest

And ethics tothe middling.

Pacification is taught to the best;

Therefore, always do the best! [8.189]


First prevent the demeritorious,

Next prevent [ideas of a coarse] self.

Later prevent views of all kinds.

Whoever knows of this is wise. [8.190]


Whoever sees one thing

Is said to see all.

That which is the emptiness of one

Is the emptiness of all. [8.191]


Tathagatas speak of attachment to practices

To those who want a high rebirth.

That is disparaged for those who want freedom--

What need to mention other [attachments]? [8.192]


Those who want merit should not

Always speak of emptiness.

Doesn't a medicinal compound

Turn to poison in the wrong case? [8.193]


Just as a barbarian cannot be

Guided in a foreign language,

Ordinary people cannot be guided

Except by way of the ordinary. [8.194]


Teaching existence, non-existence,

Both existence and non-existence, and neither

Surely are medicines for all

That are influenced by the sickness. [8.195]


Correct perception [leads to] the supreme state,

Some perception to good rebirths.

The wise thus always expand their intelligence

To think about the inner nature. [8.196]


Through knowing reality, even if now

One does not attain nirvana,

One will certainly gain it effortlessly

In a later life, as it is with actions. [8.197]


Accomplishment of all intended

Actions is extremely uncommon.

It is not that nirvana is absent here

But conjunction and the released are rare. [8.198]


On hearing that the body lacks good qualities,

Attachment does not last long.

Will not all disturbing attitudes

End by means of this very path? [8.199]


Just as the end of a seed is seen

Though it has no beginning

When the causes are incomplete

Birth, too, will not occur. [8.200]


Summarizing Stanzas


Develop recognition that through contaminated action,

Even to attain the best states as gods and humans is

imprisonment. Through familiarity with meditation

on dependent arising free from extremes,

Make yourself a suitable vessel for the Great Vehicle.


This is the eighth chapter from the Four Hundred on the

Yogic Deeds, on training the student.






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