Chapter Eight: Thoroughly Preparing the Student


When there is no end at all

To this ocean of suffering,

Why are you childish people

Not afraid of drowning in it? [8.176]


Some are attracted to it,

Some are averse to it,

Some feel confused by it:

Thus desire has no object. [8.177]


Apart from conceptuality,

Desire and so forth have no existence.

Who with intelligence would hold [that there are]

Real things [imputed by] conceptuality [8.178]


None is, as it were,

Bound to another.

It is unfeasible to separate

That which is bound together. [8.179]


Those with little merit

Do not even doubt this teaching.

Entertaining just a doubt

Tears to tatters world existence. [8.180]


The Subduer said of this teaching

There will be increase until liberation.

Anyone who lacks interest in it

Clearly has no sense. [8.181]


One does not regard that which is not empty

As empty, thinking [thereby] to gain nirvana.

Tathagatas say that nirvana

Will not be attained through wrong views. [8.182]


Whatever contains teaching

About the world speaks of engagement.

Whatever contains elucidation

Of the ultimate speaks of disengagement. [8.183]


Thinking, "Nothing exists, what is the use?"

You may be afraid.

But if actions did exist,

This teaching would not be a prevention. [8.184]


While attached to your own position

And disliking others' positions

You will not approach nirvana.

Neither [kind of] conduct will bring peace. [8.185]


Not acting brings about nirvanva;

Acting again brings worldly existence.

Thus, without complication, nirvana

Is easy to attain, but not the latter. [8.186]


How can anyone who has no aversion

To this take an interest in pacification?

Like [leaving] home, it is also hard

To leave worldly existence behind. [8.187]


One sees that some who are overwhelmed

By suffering long for death,

Yet entirely due to their confusion

They will not reach the excellent state. [8.188]


Giving is taught to lowest

And ethics to the middling.

Pacification is taught to the best;

Therefore, always do the best! [8.189]


First prevent the demeritorious,

Next prevent [ideas of a coarse] self.

Later prevent views of all kinds.

Whoever knows of this is wise. [8.190]


Whoever sees one thing

Is said to see all.

That which is the emptiness of one

Is the emptiness of all. [8.191]


Tathagatas speak of attachment to practices

To those who want a high rebirth.

That is disparaged for those who want freedom--

What need to mention other [attachments]? [8.192]


Those who want merit should not

Always speak of emptiness.

Doesn't a medicinal compound

Turn to poison in the wrong case? [8.193]


Just as a barbarian cannot be

Guided in a foreign language,

Ordinary people cannot be guided

Except by way of the ordinary. [8.194]


Teaching existence, non-existence,

Both existence and non-existence, and neither

Surely are medicines for all

That are influenced by the sickness. [8.195]


Correct perception [leads to] the supreme state,

Some perception to good rebirths.

The wise thus always expand their intelligence

To think about the inner nature. [8.196]


Through knowing reality, even if now

One does not attain nirvana,

One will certainly gain it effortlessly

In a later life, as it is with actions. [8.197]


Accomplishment of all intended

Actions is extremely uncommon.

It is not that nirvana is absent here

But conjunction and the released are rare. [8.198]


On hearing that the body lacks good qualities,

Attachment does not last long.

Will not all disturbing attitudes

End by means of this very path? [8.199]


Just as the end of a seed is seen

Though it has no beginning

When the causes are incomplete

Birth, too, will not occur. [8.200]




Develop recognition that through contaminated action,

Even to attain the best states as gods and humans is

imprisonment. Through familiarity with meditation

on dependent arising free from extremes,

Make yourself a suitable vessel for the Great Vehicle.

This concludes the eighth chapter of the Four Hundred Stanzas on the Yogic Deeds, on training the student.





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